Document Detail


The principles, practices and some future applications of near infrared spectroscopy for predicting the nutritive value of foods for animals and humans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19094259     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The current application and future potential of near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy in the evaluation of foods for domesticated animals and humans is enormous. Where used, NIR spectroscopy has revolutionized the analysis and nutritional evaluation of animal feeds and human foods by providing a rapid means of examination. The availability of accurate and rapid methods of evaluation is becoming increasingly important to meet the nutritional requirements of animals for meat, milk, wool and egg production. This is essential for efficient and economic animal production, to maintain animal health and to minimize environmental impact. Accurate evaluation methods are also needed in relation to national and international legislation that regulates the circulation, trade and inspection of foods and feeds, aids effective functioning of the market and guards the safety of animals and humans. The aim of this review is to outline the theory and principles of NIR spectroscopy and to focus primarily on its application in the field of animal nutrition. The vital role NIR spectroscopy is playing in the prediction of biologically meaningful feed characteristics, including data derived in vivo, is demonstrated particularly through its application to forage evaluation, but also in the examination of raw materials and compound feeds. While the applications of NIR spectroscopy to different foods and drinks are extensive, this review gives an overview only of selected reported applications including its use for predicting nutritive value (mainly water, protein, fat, sucrose and starch content), monitoring food processing and for food authentication. The review provides clear evidence that the future application of NIR spectroscopy will undoubtedly increase, playing a vital role in the authentication of the quality and origin of foods and feeds and enabling the complex methods of feed evaluation required in the future to be put into widespread use.
Authors:
D I Givens; J L De Boever; E R Deaville
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition research reviews     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0954-4224     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutr Res Rev     Publication Date:  1997 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9113797     Medline TA:  Nutr Res Rev     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  83-114     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Feed Evaluation and Nutritional Sciences, ADAS Dairy Research Centre, Alcester Road, Stratford-on-Avon, CV37 9RQ, UK.
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