Document Detail


The prevention of propofol injection pain by tramadol or ondansetron.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11913803     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of tramadol and ondansetron in minimizing the pain due to injection of propofol in 100 patients. METHODS: An intravenous cannula was inserted in the dorsum of the hand. After tourniquet application to the forearm, tramadol 50 mg (Group 1, n = 50) or ondansetron 4 mg (Group 2, n = 50) was injected. The tourniquet was released after 20 s, and propofol 5 mL was administered over 5 s. The patients were observed and asked if they had pain in the arm and the response was assessed. Nausea and vomiting and degree of sedation were recorded for the first postoperative 24 h. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients in Group 1 and 14 patients in Group 2 reported no pain. Slight pain was seen in 15 patients in Group 1 and in 18 patients in Group 2. Moderate pain was seen in 10 patients in Group 1 and 15 patients in Group 2. Severe pain was seen in four of the patients in Group 1 and three patients in Group 2. There was no significant difference of pain between Groups 1 and 2, but we found a significant reduction of nausea and vomiting in the ondansetron group compared with the tramadol group (P = 0.033). CONCLUSIONS: Tramadol or ondansetron are equally effective in preventing pain from propofol injection. The added benefit of a reduction in nausea and vomiting after operation in the ondansetron group may be a reason to prefer this drug.
Authors:
D Memiş; A Turan; B Karamanlioglu; G Kaya; Z Pamukçu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of anaesthesiology     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0265-0215     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Anaesthesiol     Publication Date:  2002 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-03-26     Completed Date:  2002-10-10     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8411711     Medline TA:  Eur J Anaesthesiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  47-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesiology, Medical Faculty, Trakya University, Edirne, Turkey. dilmemis@mynet.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Analgesics, Opioid / therapeutic use*
Anesthetics, Intravenous / adverse effects*
Double-Blind Method
Female
Humans
Male
Ondansetron / therapeutic use*
Pain / drug therapy*,  physiopathology
Pain Measurement / drug effects
Propofol / adverse effects*
Serotonin Antagonists / therapeutic use*
Tramadol / therapeutic use*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Analgesics, Opioid; 0/Anesthetics, Intravenous; 0/Serotonin Antagonists; 2078-54-8/Propofol; 27203-92-5/Tramadol; 99614-02-5/Ondansetron

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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