Document Detail

The prevalence of somatoform disorders among internal medical inpatients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15094025     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To find the prevalence of somatoform disorders (SDs) among internal medical inpatients and to study the comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders. METHODS: Of 392 eligible consecutive medical inpatients, 294 (75%) accepted to participate and, using a two-phase design, were assessed for ICD and DSM-IV somatoform diagnoses and for ICD-10 psychiatric diagnoses. RESULTS: A total of 18.1% (95% CI: 12.8-24.9%) of the patients fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for an ICD-10 disorder, and 20.2% (95% CI:14.7-27.2% ) for a DSM-IV SD. The prevalence of specified disorders revealed marked differences between the two diagnostic systems, e.g., concerning somatisation disorder (SD), which was more prevalent in the ICD-10 (5%) than in the DSM-IV (1.5%) equivalent. Quite the contrary was found in undifferentiated SD (0.7% in ICD-10 and 10% in DSM-IV). According to ICD-10 criteria, 3.5% had hypochondriasis, 2.6% a dissociative disorder, 3.2% a somatoform autonomic dysfunction, 1.5% had neurasthenia or persistent somatoform pain disorder, and 5% had an SD, unspecified. SDs were more prevalent among younger females. Thirty-six percent of the patients with SDs also had another psychiatric disorder, 11% a depression, and 25% an anxiety disorder. The physicians detected about 1/3 of the cases. CONCLUSION: Somatoform disorders were prevalent among internal medical inpatients especially among younger women.
Per Fink; Morten Steen Hansen; Marie-Louise Oxhøj
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of psychosomatic research     Volume:  56     ISSN:  0022-3999     ISO Abbreviation:  J Psychosom Res     Publication Date:  2004 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-04-19     Completed Date:  2004-09-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376333     Medline TA:  J Psychosom Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  413-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2004 Elsevier Inc.
Research Unit for Functional Disorders, Psychosomatics and C-L-Psychiatry, Aarhus University Hospital, Noerrebrogade 44, DK-8200 Aarhus N, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Anxiety / epidemiology
Depression / epidemiology
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
International Classification of Diseases
Somatoform Disorders / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  rehabilitation*

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