Document Detail

The prevalence of recurrent herpes labialis during an army hot weather exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1512743     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A survey was performed on 1,062 of 2,500 (42%) Army personnel participating in a desert training exercise at Fort Irwin, California, in September 1983. The prevalence of recurrent herpes labialis (RHL) and chapped lips was observed during the third week of a four-week training period. Complexion, sex, lip protectant use, age, and time spent outdoors were obtained by observation and interview. Recurrent herpes labialis was found in 46 subjects (4%). Stratified analysis and stepwise logistic regression were used to identify risk factors associated with RHL and to determine the prevalence odds ratios (POR). Risk factors with statistically significant associations with RHL were lip protectant use (POR = 0.19), chapped lips (POR = 2.87), being female (POR = 5.00), and light complexion (POR = 2.48). These findings strongly support the use of lip protectants during prolonged exposure to hot, dry climates as a prophylaxis against recurrent herpes labialis. Additional studies should focus on excitatory factors of RHL; and clinical trials of the efficacy of the lip protectants to protect against RHL and chapped lips should be undertaken.
J D Shulman; W M Carpenter; D L Lewis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of public health dentistry     Volume:  52     ISSN:  0022-4006     ISO Abbreviation:  J Public Health Dent     Publication Date:  1992  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-10-01     Completed Date:  1992-10-01     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0014207     Medline TA:  J Public Health Dent     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  198-203     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
US Army Health Care Studies and Clinical Investigation Activity, Fort Sam Houston, TX.
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MeSH Terms
Desert Climate*
Herpes Labialis / epidemiology*,  pathology
Lip / pathology
Lip Diseases / epidemiology,  pathology
Logistic Models
Middle Aged
Military Personnel*
Odds Ratio
Risk Factors
Skin Pigmentation
Sunscreening Agents / therapeutic use
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sunscreening Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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