Document Detail

The prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder among adult earthquake survivors in Peru.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20389194     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and to assess the relationships between PTSD and demographic and disaster-related factors. METHODS: Five months after a magnitude 8.0 earthquake struck the city of Pisco, Peru, we conducted a cross-sectional study using demographic questions, the PTSD Checklist, and a translated version of the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire. We used stratified sampling to randomly enroll subjects in Pisco and its annexes. We then used bivariate and multivariate analyses to find correlations between PTSD and demographic and disaster-related factors. RESULTS: We interviewed 298 adult earthquake survivors and detected 75 cases of PTSD (prevalence 25.2%; 95% confidence interval, 20.2%-30.1%). In the bivariate analysis, PTSD was significantly associated with female sex, loss of church, food and water shortages immediately after the earthquake, joblessness, injuries, loss of a relative or friend, lack of clean drinking water or appropriate sleeping conditions 5 months after the earthquake, and low levels of perceived support from family and friends. In the multivariate analysis, only female sex, food and water shortages, loss of church, injuries, and low levels of perceived support from family and friends were independently associated with PTSD. CONCLUSIONS: PTSD affected about a quarter of Pisco's population. Its impact was moderate to severe when compared with other disasters worldwide and in Latin America.
Javier B Cairo; Suparna Dutta; Haq Nawaz; Shahrukh Hashmi; Stanislav Kasl; Edgar Bellido
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Disaster medicine and public health preparedness     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1938-744X     ISO Abbreviation:  Disaster Med Public Health Prep     Publication Date:  2010 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-14     Completed Date:  2010-04-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101297401     Medline TA:  Disaster Med Public Health Prep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  39-46     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Infectious Disease, Infection Control and Employee Health, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Middle Aged
Peru / epidemiology
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Risk Factors
Severity of Illness Index
Sex Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / epidemiology*
Survivors / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
Comment In:
Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2010 Mar;4(1):15-7   [PMID:  20389189 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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