Document Detail

The prevalence of ocular defects and the provision of eye care in adults with learning disabilities living in the community.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10829129     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Most people with learning disabilities now live in the community rather than in institutions, and community services need to be targeted appropriately. Vision screening was carried out in community Day Care Centres for adults with learning disabilities. One hundred and fifty four subjects took part, and screening was successful in 148 subjects, using retinoscopy and standard acuity tests, including preferential looking. The previously reported high prevalence of refractive errors, strabismus and pathological defects amongst people with learning disabilities was confirmed. Over 60% of subjects had below-normal distance acuity, which in many cases was exacerbated by uncorrected refractive errors. In all, 41% of subjects could have benefited from distance spectacles, and 56% from spectacles for near tasks. The lack of adequate spectacles was particularly high amongst adults with more severe learning disabilities. The study highlights the current lack of adequate eye care for people with learning disabilities, and demonstrates that eye examinations are possible for the majority of individuals. There is a need for greater awareness amongst families/carers and amongst optometrists to address this important issue.
J M Woodhouse; C Griffiths; A Gedling
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ophthalmic & physiological optics : the journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0275-5408     ISO Abbreviation:  Ophthalmic Physiol Opt     Publication Date:  2000 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-07-19     Completed Date:  2000-07-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8208839     Medline TA:  Ophthalmic Physiol Opt     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  79-89     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Optometry & Vision Sciences, University of Wales, Cardiff, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Hyperopia / epidemiology
Learning Disorders / epidemiology*
Middle Aged
Myopia / epidemiology
Refraction, Ocular
Refractive Errors / diagnosis,  epidemiology*
Strabismus / epidemiology
Vision Screening*
Visual Acuity
Wales / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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