Document Detail


The prevalence of non-standard helmet use and head injuries among motorcycle riders.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10196599     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the prevalence of non-standard helmet use among motorcycle riders following introduction of a mandatory helmet use law and the prevalence of head injuries among a sample of non-standard helmet users involved in motorcycle crashes. METHODS: Motorcycle rider observations were conducted at 29 statewide locations in the 2 years following the introduction of the mandatory helmet use law in January, 1992. Medical records of motorcyclists who were injured in 1992 for whom a crash report was available and for whom medical care was administered in one of 28 hospitals were reviewed. Chi-squares and analysis of variance were used to describe differences between groups. RESULTS: Prevalence of non-standard helmet use averaged 10.2%, with a range across observation sites from 0 to 48.0%. Non-standard helmet use varied by type of roadway, day of week, and time of day. Injuries to the head were more frequent and of greater severity among those wearing non-standard helmets than both those wearing no helmet and those wearing standard helmets. CONCLUSIONS: Non-standard helmets appear to offer little head protection during a crash. Future study is needed to understand the dynamics leading to head injury when different types of helmets are worn.
Authors:
C Peek-Asa; D L McArthur; J F Kraus
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Accident; analysis and prevention     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0001-4575     ISO Abbreviation:  Accid Anal Prev     Publication Date:  1999 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-05-27     Completed Date:  1999-05-27     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254476     Medline TA:  Accid Anal Prev     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  229-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Southern California Injury Prevention Research Center, UCLA School of Public Health 90095-1772, USA. cpeekasa@ucla.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Traffic / statistics & numerical data*
California
Craniocerebral Trauma / epidemiology*,  etiology,  prevention & control*
Head Protective Devices / utilization*
Humans
Motorcycles*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R49/CCR903622//PHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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