Document Detail

The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Latin America: a systematic review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21486521     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To assess the available data on the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) in Latin-American countries.
DESIGN: Systematic review. Searches were carried out in PubMed, ISIWeb, SCielo and Redalyc, using 'metabolic syndrome x' and 'prevalence' as keywords for titles and/or abstracts. Articles selected were cross-sectional studies in Latin-American countries, whose main objective was to study MS and whose study population is described below. MS must be determined using Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Twelve studies with these criteria were selected, one of which was multi-centric.
SETTING: Latin America.
SUBJECTS: Apparently healthy subjects aged 18-65 years (including young adult, mature adult and elderly populations) of both genders.
RESULTS: The general prevalence (weighted mean) of MS in Latin-American countries was 24·9 (range: 18·8-43·3) %. MS was slightly more frequent in women (25·3 %) than in men (23·2 %), and the age group with the highest prevalence of MS consisted of those over 50 years of age. The most frequent components of MS were low HDL cholesterol levels (62·9 %) and abdominal obesity (45·8 %). Similar outcomes were obtained from the multi-centre study on Latin-American populations analysed.
CONCLUSIONS: The present review brings us closer to an understanding of the prevalence of MS in Latin-American countries. However, it is not possible to know the full scope of the problem, partly because data from some countries are not available, and because the methodological differences among the studies published up to the present limit a joint analysis of their results.
F Márquez-Sandoval; G Macedo-Ojeda; D Viramontes-Hörner; J D Fernández Ballart; J Salas Salvadó; B Vizmanos
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review     Date:  2011-04-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1475-2727     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nutr     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-01     Completed Date:  2012-01-05     Revised Date:  2013-06-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1702-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Cuerpo Académico 454 Alimentación y Nutrición en el proceso Salud-Enfermedad, Laboratorio de Evaluación del Estado Nutricio, Departamento de Clínicas de la Reproducción Humana, Crecimiento y Desarrollo Infantil, División de Disciplinas Clínicas, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Guadalajara, Calle Hospital 320, first floor (Antigua Escuela de Medicina, Universidad de Guadalajara), 44280 Guadalajara, Jalisco, México.
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MeSH Terms
Cholesterol, HDL / blood
Latin America / epidemiology
Life Style
Metabolic Syndrome X / epidemiology*
Middle Aged
Multicenter Studies as Topic
Obesity, Abdominal / epidemiology
Risk Factors
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cholesterol, HDL

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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