Document Detail

The prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome in New Zealand.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8532234     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIMS: To obtain an estimate of the prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome in New Zealand and to report information on paediatrician surveillance for alcohol related birth defects. METHODS: New Zealand paediatricians were asked to complete a postal survey. Questions recorded the number of children with alcohol related birth defects under their care, and examined the respondents' surveillance for alcohol related birth defects. RESULTS: There were 63 children under 10 years of age with fetal alcohol syndrome under paediatric care in 1993. The majority of paediatricians considered the diagnosis only when risk features were identified: the most frequent being children of high risk mothers and children with dysmorphic features. CONCLUSIONS: Fetal alcohol syndrome exists in New Zealand. The prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome as estimated in this study is lower than would be expected from international prevalence reports and is likely to be an underestimate. Current surveillance for alcohol related birth defects depends on an individual paediatrician considering the diagnosis only when faced with a perceived at risk infant or child, and there is likely under recognition. An increased awareness of the risks of alcohol consumption in pregnancy and the full spectrum of alcohol related birth defects is required.
A M Leversha; R E Marks
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The New Zealand medical journal     Volume:  108     ISSN:  0028-8446     ISO Abbreviation:  N. Z. Med. J.     Publication Date:  1995 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-02-01     Completed Date:  1996-02-01     Revised Date:  2010-03-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401067     Medline TA:  N Z Med J     Country:  NEW ZEALAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  502-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Starship Children's Health, Auckland.
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MeSH Terms
Abnormalities, Drug-Induced / etiology
Alcohol Drinking
Ethanol / adverse effects
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome / diagnosis,  epidemiology*
New Zealand / epidemiology
Pediatrics / statistics & numerical data
Reg. No./Substance:
Comment In:
N Z Med J. 1996 Jan 26;109(1014):18   [PMID:  8628531 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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