Document Detail

The prevalence of diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance in a group of urban South African blacks.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8310354     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The prevalence of diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) was determined in 479 urbanised South African blacks (141 men and 338 women) of Zulu descent selected by cluster sampling in a suburb of Durban. All subjects underwent a modified glucose tolerance test whereby fasting and 2-hour post-glucose (75 g) plasma glucose levels were measured. On the basis of the revised World Health Organisation criteria, the overall prevalence of diabetes was 4.2% and of IGT 6.9%; the age- and sex-adjusted prevalences were 5.3% and 7.7% respectively. Diabetes mellitus was more common in women (5.2% v. 2.3%), while the reverse was true of IGT (5.5% v. 11.5%). The mean age-adjusted body mass indices (BMIs) of diabetic (31.3 +/- 1.9) and IGT (29.7 +/- 1.9) subjects were significantly higher than those of the group with normal glucose tolerance (28 +/- 0.5). Female subjects with all types of glucose tolerance had significantly higher mean BMIs than men. There was a significant correlation between BMI and both fasting glucose (r = 0.16; P = 0.0039) and 2-hour plasma levels (r = 0.15; P = 0.0065) in the women, while in men only the fasting levels showed such a relationship (r = 0.21; P = 0.01719).
M A Omar; M A Seedat; A A Motala; R B Dyer; P Becker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  South African medical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir geneeskunde     Volume:  83     ISSN:  0256-9574     ISO Abbreviation:  S. Afr. Med. J.     Publication Date:  1993 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-03-15     Completed Date:  1994-03-15     Revised Date:  2014-09-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404520     Medline TA:  S Afr Med J     Country:  SOUTH AFRICA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  641-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
African Continental Ancestry Group*
Cluster Analysis
Diabetes Mellitus / epidemiology*,  ethnology
Glucose Intolerance / epidemiology*,  ethnology
Middle Aged
South Africa / epidemiology
Urban Population

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