Document Detail

The presence of fatty acids in human alpha-fetoprotein.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  75886     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
alpha-Fetoprotein has been prepared from human fetal tissue by procedures utilizing DEAE-Sephadex, concanavalin A-Sepharose, and isoelectric focusing. A major and a minor component with isoelectric points of 4.7 and 5.3, respectively, have been isolated and are similar to those prepared under various conditions by other investigators. The 4.7 material contains 2.4 mol of fatty acids/mol of protein, whereas the minor component is fat-free. The relative amounts of fatty acid vary somewhat with different preparations. The ranges found in three isolates were as follows: palmitic acid (8 to 11%), stearic acid (2 to 5%), oleic acid (10 to 28%), linoleic acid (7 to 15%), arachidonic acid (12 to 39%), and 4,7,10,13,16,19-docosahexaenoic acid (16 to 42%). Human fetal serum albumin contained 0.7 mol of fatty acid/mol of protein, with arachidonic acid and the docosahexaenoic acid comprising only 11.4% of the total. Removal of fatty acids by treatment with charcoal converted alpha-fetoprotein into material with an isoelectric point of pH 5.3. Addition of arachidonic acid to the lipid-free protein restored it to protein with a pH 4.7 isoelectric point, typical of the major native component. The possible role of the fatty acids in alpha-fetoprotein on the inhibition of various lymphocyte functions is projected.
D C Parmelee; M A Evenson; H F Deutsch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of biological chemistry     Volume:  253     ISSN:  0021-9258     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Biol. Chem.     Publication Date:  1978 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1978-05-24     Completed Date:  1978-05-24     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985121R     Medline TA:  J Biol Chem     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2114-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Chromatography, Gas
Fatty Acids / analysis
alpha-Fetoproteins* / isolation & purification
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids; 0/alpha-Fetoproteins

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