Document Detail

A preliminary study on the effects of exercising to maximum walking distance on platelet and endothelial function in patients with intermittent claudication.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16360327     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Platelet and endothelial activation has been shown to be increased in patients with intermittent claudication (IC). Recent studies have suggested that exercise may induce further platelet activation. The aims of this study were to investigate the effect of exercising to maximum walking distance on platelet and endothelial function in patients with intermittent claudication who were receiving statin and aspirin therapy compared with age matched healthy controls. METHODS: Platelet aggregation through COX-mediated and thrombin receptor activator peptide (TRAP)-stimulated GPIIb/IIIa pathways was measured by the Ultegra point of care system in 20 patients with IC on aspirin and 20 healthy volunteers before, immediately and 1h after exercising to treadmill maximal walking distance (MWD). Soluble P-selectin, vWF and sICAM were measured using an enzyme linked immuno-sorbent assay technique. RESULTS: Baseline platelet aggregation was significantly reduced in patients with IC compared to volunteers (p<0.05). In patients, exercising to MWD significantly reduced platelet aggregation (COX, median -5% [range -24 to 13%]; p = 0.02; GPIIIa/IIb, median -13% [range -72 to 33%]; p = 0.02) immediately post-exercise which returned to baseline values at 1 h. There was no change in the healthy volunteers following the same median duration of exercise. Baseline sP-selectin levels were higher in the patients with IC compared to the healthy volunteers [Median values (interquartile range), 42.72 (33.28-54.24) versus 29.16 (24.40-34.10), p = 0.0003] but there were no differences in vWF levels. Both sP-selectin and vWF levels increased significantly in the control and patient group following exercise (p<0.005). sICAM were higher at baseline in the patients with IC but were unchanged following exercise [Median values (interquartile range),560.9 (405.5-739.4) versus 467.0 (325.7-643.4), p<0.05]. CONCLUSION: This study is the first to show that platelet aggregation is reduced immediately following treadmill exercise to maximum walking distance in patients with IC despite a rise in sP-selectin and vWF, suggesting endothelial activation. The inhibition of platelet aggregation after exercise in subjects on antiplatelet and statin therapy suggests that exercise is unlikely to exacerbate platelet thrombus formation in patients with IC.
P Collins; I Ford; D Ball; E Macaulay; M Greaves; J Brittenden
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2005-12-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1078-5884     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg     Publication Date:  2006 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-27     Completed Date:  2006-04-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9512728     Medline TA:  Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  266-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Vascular Surgery, Aberdeen RoyAl Infirmary, Scotland, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Platelets / physiology*
Endothelium, Vascular / physiopathology*
Exercise Test
Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 / blood
Intermittent Claudication / physiopathology*
Middle Aged
P-Selectin / blood
Platelet Aggregation / physiology
Walking / physiology*
von Willebrand Factor / analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
0/P-Selectin; 0/von Willebrand Factor; 126547-89-5/Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1

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