Document Detail


A preliminary investigation of the construct of psychopathic personality (psychopathy) in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10608560     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although the construct of psychopathy has received considerable attention in humans, its relevance to other animals is largely unknown. We developed a measure of psychopathy for use in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), the Chimpanzee Psychopathy Measure (CPM), and asked 6 raters to complete this index on 34 chimpanzees. The CPM (a) demonstrated satisfactory interrater reliability and internal consistency; (b) exhibited marginally significant sex differences (males > females); (c) correlated positively with measures of extraversion, agreeableness, and observational ratings of agonism, sexual activity, daring behaviors, teasing, silent bluff displays, and temper tantrums, and negatively with observational ratings of generosity; and (d) demonstrated incremental validity above and beyond a measure of dominance. Although further validation of the CPM is needed, these findings suggest that the psychopathy construct may be relevant to chimpanzees.
Authors:
S O Lilienfeld; J Gershon; M Duke; L Marino; F B de Waal
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of comparative psychology (Washington, D.C. : 1983)     Volume:  113     ISSN:  0735-7036     ISO Abbreviation:  J Comp Psychol     Publication Date:  1999 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-01-27     Completed Date:  2000-01-27     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309850     Medline TA:  J Comp Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  365-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA. scott@ss.emory.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Factors
Analysis of Variance
Animals
Antisocial Personality Disorder / diagnosis*,  psychology
Ethology / methods*
Female
Male
Observer Variation
Pan troglodytes / psychology*
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales / standards*
Reproducibility of Results
Sex Characteristics
Social Behavior*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01-RR09797/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; RR00165/RR/NCRR NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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