Document Detail

Is pregnancy anxiety a distinctive syndrome?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15324989     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of general anxiety during pregnancy may underestimate anxiety specifically related to pregnancy. Pregnancy anxiety rather than general anxiety has been shown to predict birth outcome and neuroendocrine changes during pregnancy. Therefore, a questionnaire on pregnancy anxieties was used to test their structure, and to examine their associations with general anxiety and depression. METHOD: Nulliparous pregnant women with a normal risk status (N=230) filled in a 34-item questionnaire on pregnancy-related anxiety and other questionnaires covering general anxiety and depression. These questionnaires were filled in at 15-17, 27-28, and 37-38 weeks of gestation. RESULTS: A three-factor model of pregnancy anxiety was found by means of confirmatory factor analysis, reflecting 'fear of giving birth', 'fear of bearing a handicapped child' and 'concern about one's appearance'. General anxiety and depression measures explain only a small part of the variance of these fears. CONCLUSION: Pregnancy anxiety should be regarded as a relatively distinctive syndrome. Its measurement enables researchers and clinicians to address issues of prediction, identification and risk reduction more precisely and perhaps more effectively in the future.
Anja C Huizink; Eduard J H Mulder; Pascale G Robles de Medina; Gerard H A Visser; Jan K Buitelaar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Early human development     Volume:  79     ISSN:  0378-3782     ISO Abbreviation:  Early Hum. Dev.     Publication Date:  2004 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-08-24     Completed Date:  2004-12-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708381     Medline TA:  Early Hum Dev     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  81-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Rudolf Magnus Institute, University Medical Centre Utrecht, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Anxiety Disorders / complications*,  diagnosis
Depression / diagnosis
Diagnosis, Differential
Fear / psychology
Gestational Age
Maternal Age
Models, Statistical
Pregnancy / psychology*
Pregnancy Complications / psychology*
Prospective Studies
Regression Analysis

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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