Document Detail


The prediction of recommended energy expenditure for an 8 h work-day using an air-purifying respirator.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8287854     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Thirty railway workers executed maximal, or near maximal, stress tests with and without the use of a half mask air-purifying respirator (Spasciani 85 A1 P1) fitted with two combined filters for simultaneous protection from organic vapours and particulate matter. The pressure-flow characteristics of inspiratory and expiratory resistance at airflows in the range 0-90 l.min-1 were established by a continuous flow method on one test mask. Significant differences were found by paired t-test between the two exercises (with and without use of mask), showing reduced values with use of the mask, for breath frequency, ventilation rate, oxygen uptake, carbon dioxide production, maximal oxygen uptake, percentage of maximal voluntary ventilation used at the maximal exercise ventilation. No significant differences were found for tidal volume, respiratory quotient, heart rate, systolic blood pressure, oxygen uptake at anaerobic threshold, and duration of exercise. The predicted energy expenditure recommended for an 8 h work shift, corresponding to 40% of maximal oxygen uptake, is found to be reduced working with respirator and is significantly different from that observed during stress test without mask. The average ventilation rate at this workload is below 25 l.min-1, with predicted inspiratory mouth pressure equal to, or less than, 20 mm H2O. This maximal inspiratory mouth pressure is proposed as a safety limit for prolonged work using a respirator, with a recommended energy expenditure close to 40% of maximal oxygen uptake.
Authors:
F Sulotto; C Romano; S Dori; G Piolatto; A Chiesa; C Ciacco; G Scansetti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ergonomics     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0014-0139     ISO Abbreviation:  Ergonomics     Publication Date:  1993 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-02-24     Completed Date:  1994-02-24     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0373220     Medline TA:  Ergonomics     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1479-87     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Istituto di Medicina del Lavoro, Universita di Torino, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Energy Metabolism / physiology*
Exercise Test
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Railroads*
Respiratory Protective Devices*
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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