Document Detail

A prediction model for left ventricular mass in patients at high cardiovascular risk.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20814310     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) mass has a continuous relation with cardiovascular risk, and regression of LV mass induced by pharmacological treatment is associated with improved prognosis. Therefore, early identification of patients with a large LV mass is desired. We developed a model to predict LV mass in individual hypertensives at high cardiovascular risk.
DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed data of 536 hypertensives with symptomatic extracardiac atherosclerotic disease or marked risk factors for atherosclerosis from a cross-sectional study in a tertiary referral center. LV mass was measured by cardiac MRI. We developed the prediction rule with multivariable linear regression analysis and stepwise backward elimination. Internal validation was assessed with bootstrap sampling to obtain an estimate of model performance (R²) that may be expected for new patients.
RESULTS: Important predictors for LV mass included sex, height, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, and previous aneurysm of the abdominal aorta. R² of the prediction model was 45% after internal validation, which was considerably higher than the R² of previously reported models (range 1-38%). Addition of electrocardiography data showed limited improvement of the model performance (R²=47%).
CONCLUSION: We present a prediction model for LV mass in hypertensives at high cardiovascular risk. After external validation, this model may be used in clinical practice to estimate LV mass for early identification of large LV mass. The predictions of the model may support appropriate medical care in the prevention of cardiovascular disease.
Matthijs F L Meijs; Yvonne Vergouwe; Maarten J M Cramer; Evert-Jan A Vonken; Birgitta K Velthuis; David J Verton; Yolanda van der Graaf; Frank L Visseren; Willem P Mali; Pieter A Doevendans; Michiel L Bots;
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation : official journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups on Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1741-8275     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101192000     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  621-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiology, Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
A Algra / ; Y van der Graaf / ; G E H M Rutten / ; D E Grobbee / ; F L J Visseren / ; P A Doevendans / ; F L Moll / ; L J Kappelle / ; W P Mali /

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