Document Detail


The predation costs of symmetrical cryptic coloration.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16720401     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In psychological studies of visual perception, symmetry is accepted as a potent cue in visual search for cryptic objects, yet its importance for non-human animals has been assumed rather than tested. Furthermore, while the salience of bilateral symmetry has been established in laboratory-based search tasks using human subjects, its role in more natural settings, closer to those for which such perceptual mechanisms evolved, has not, to our knowledge, been investigated previously. That said, the salience of symmetry in visual search has a plausible adaptive rationale, because biologically important objects, such as prey, predators or conspecifics, usually have a plane of symmetry that is not present in their surroundings. We tested the conspicuousness to avian predators of cryptic artificial, moth-like targets, with or without bilateral symmetry in background-matching coloration, against oak trees in the field. In two independent experiments, symmetrical targets were predated at a higher rate than otherwise identical asymmetrical targets. There was a small, but significant, fitness cost to symmetry in camouflage patterns. Given that birds are the most commonly invoked predators shaping the evolution of defensive coloration in insects, this raises the question of why bilateral asymmetry is not more common in cryptic insects.
Authors:
Innes C Cuthill; Elly Hiby; Emily Lloyd
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society     Volume:  273     ISSN:  0962-8452     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Biol. Sci.     Publication Date:  2006 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-24     Completed Date:  2006-06-16     Revised Date:  2013-06-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101245157     Medline TA:  Proc Biol Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1267-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Biological Sciences, Woodland Road, Bristol BS8 1UG, UK. i.cuthill@bristol.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Physiological
Animals
Biological Evolution
Birds / physiology
Color*
Moths / anatomy & histology
Pattern Recognition, Visual*
Predatory Behavior*
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