Document Detail

The potential of disproportionate growth of tricuspid valve after decompression of the right ventricle in patients with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septa.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19837219     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Tricuspid valve size is the major determinant of outcomes for patients with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum. Lack of right ventricle-pulmonary artery continuity is associated with poor tricuspid valve growth (decrement in Z-value). However, most reports did not show evidence for disproportionate growth of the tricuspid valve after establishment of right ventricle-pulmonary artery continuity. METHODS: We studied 40 patients with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum who underwent initial right ventricular decompression for planned staged repair. The initial Z-value of the tricuspid valve diameter (Zt1) was obtained from the echocardiography-derived normal value. The late Z-value (Zt2) was measured before definitive repair or the last available Z-value, if definitive repair was not yet reached. The factors associated with the changes of Z-values (Zt2 - Zt1) were analyzed. RESULTS: The mean initial tricuspid Z-value (Zt1) was -6.2 +/- 3.5. After treatment (Zt2), the mean Z-value was -6.0 +/- 3.4 (n = 34). Overall, the tricuspid Z-values did not change. Individually, the change in Z-value (Zt2 - Zt1) was larger than +2 in 11 (32%) patients and smaller than -2 in 6 (18%) patients. Increases in Z-value (Zt2 - Zt1) were significantly associated with right ventricular pressure/left ventricular pressure ratio measured after initial palliation (r = -0.54; P = .001) and the initial tricuspid valve Z-value (Zt1) (r = -0.40; P = .02). CONCLUSIONS: Disproportional growth of the tricuspid valve can occur, especially in patients with small tricuspid valves and lower right ventricular pressures after decompression. The findings support the possibility of neonates with small tricuspid valves undergoing biventricular repair after right ventricular decompression surgery.
Shu-Chien Huang; Kozo Ishino; Shingo Kasahara; Ko Yoshizumi; Yasuhiro Kotani; Shunji Sano
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  138     ISSN:  1097-685X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-19     Completed Date:  2009-12-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1160-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
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MeSH Terms
Decompression, Surgical
Heart Catheterization
Heart Septum
Infant, Newborn
Pulmonary Atresia / surgery*,  ultrasonography
Treatment Outcome
Tricuspid Valve / pathology*,  ultrasonography

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