Document Detail


On the possibility to affect the course of glycaemia, insulinaemia, and perceived hunger/satiety to bread meals in healthy volunteers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23334658     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Frequent hyperglycaemia is associated with oxidative stress and subclinical inflammation, and thus increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Possibilities of modulating glycaemia, insulinaemia and perceived satiety for bread products were investigated, with emphasis on the course of glycaemia expressed as a glycaemic profile (defined as the duration of the glucose curve above the fasting concentration divided by the incremental glucose peak). For this purpose white wheat bread was supplemented with whole grain corn flour with an elevated amylose content and different types and levels of guar gum. The bread products were characterised in vitro for release of starch degradation products and content of resistant starch. Fibre related fluidity following enzyme hydrolysis was also studied. By combining medium weight guar gum and whole grain corn flour with an elevated amylose content, the course of glycaemia, insulinaemia and subjective appetite ratings were improved compared to the reference white wheat bread. In addition, the combination beneficially influenced the content of resistant starch. Fluidity measurements showed potential to predict the glycaemic profile.
Authors:
Linda M N K Ekström; Inger M E Björck; Elin M Ostman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2013-01-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food & function     Volume:  4     ISSN:  2042-650X     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Funct     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-26     Completed Date:  2013-09-13     Revised Date:  2013-12-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101549033     Medline TA:  Food Funct     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  522-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Appetite
Blood Glucose / metabolism
Bread / analysis*
Female
Flour / analysis
Glycemic Index
Healthy Volunteers
Humans
Hunger
Hyperglycemia / metabolism*,  psychology*
Insulin / metabolism*
Male
Postprandial Period
Satiety Response
Starch / analysis,  metabolism
Young Adult
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Insulin; 9005-25-8/Starch

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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