Document Detail

A population-based study of fall risk factors among people with multiple sclerosis in Stockholm county.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23538713     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with increased likelihood of reporting a recent fall among people with multiple sclerosis. This study was exploratory in its intent to examine sense of coherence as a contextual influence on fall risk. The study also sought to confirm that variables previously identified as fall risk factors for people with multiple sclerosis persist when tested in a population-based sample.
DESIGN: The study was cross-sectional and data was obtained in the context of a population-based study of people with multiple sclerosis living in Stockholm.
SUBJECTS: A total of 164 people with multiple sclerosis, age range 19-79 years.
METHODS: Data were gathered through established instruments. Key instruments utilized included the sense of coherence scale, the Lindmark Motor Capacity Assessment's subscale for balance, and the 10-metre walking test. A logistic regression model examined factors associated with reporting a fall in the past 3 months.
RESULTS: Of the participants, 62 (38%) reported experiencing at least one fall in the past 3 months. Reduced walking speed, impaired balance, and weak sense of coherence were associated with falls in the past 3 months.
CONCLUSION: These findings underscore the importance of examining diverse and modifiable influences on fall risk, including walking speed, balance and sense of coherence, in future studies involving people with multiple sclerosis.
Charlotte Ytterberg; Ulrika Einarsson; Lotta Widén Holmqvist; Elizabeth Walker Peterson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of rehabilitation medicine     Volume:  45     ISSN:  1651-2081     ISO Abbreviation:  J Rehabil Med     Publication Date:  2013 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-05-03     Completed Date:  2013-12-16     Revised Date:  2014-05-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101088169     Medline TA:  J Rehabil Med     Country:  Sweden    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  452-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Accidental Falls / statistics & numerical data*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Middle Aged
Multiple Sclerosis / epidemiology*,  psychology*
Risk Factors
Sense of Coherence

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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