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Insertion/deletion polymorphism of the angiotensin-converting enzyme considerably changes postoperative outcome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23122977     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of insertion/deletion (ID) polymorphism of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene on clinical outcome of cardiac valve surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, blinded observational study. SETTING: Operating room and intensive care unit (ICU) of a university hospital. PATIENTS: 110 adult patients requiring elective cardiac valve surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass. MEASUREMENTS: Patients' preoperative data (age, gender, body weight, New York Heart Association score, medication, biochemical data, and comorbid disorders), anesthetic management (blood pressure, heart rate, blood loss and transfusion, and cardiorespiratory complications and their treatment), and postoperative outcome (life-threatening complications, nosocomial infections, reintubation/reoperation, death, and duration of ICU stay and hospitalization) were recorded. ACE ID was detected by gel electrophoresis following conventional polymerase chain reaction. Patients were divided into two groups postoperatively; groups with II and non-II (ID and DD) genotypes, and group differences were analyzed. MAIN RESULTS: Distribution of ACE ID in II, ID, and DD genotypes was 29%, 59%, and 12%, respectively. The non-II group had significantly greater postoperative blood loss and transfusion (P < 0.05), more common postoperative infections, and longer ICU stay duration than the II group (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: ACE ID polymorphism is associated with a higher incidence of postoperative complications, including postoperative infections, in patients undergoing cardiac valve surgery.
Authors:
Keisuke Nakazawa; Naoki Kotani; Kaoru Goto; Minoru Nomura; Makoto Ozaki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical anesthesia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-4529     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Anesth     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8812166     Medline TA:  J Clin Anesth     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesiology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo Women's Medical University. 8-1 Kawada-cho, Shinjuku, Tokyo 162-8666, Japan. Electronic address: nakazawa.twmu@gmail.com.
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