Document Detail


The plaque acidogenic response to carbohydrates of children from three ethnic groups in South Africa.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9448788     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The plaque acidogenic response of children from three ethnic groups in South Africa to four different carbohydrates was investigated using the plaque sampling method. A total of 30, 12-year-old children, ten black, ten 'coloured' and ten white, completed this study. The foods tested were 10 per cent sucrose solution, maize porridge, strawberry flavoured yoghurt and banana. The blacks produced an intermediate plaque pH response to sucrose compared with the 'coloureds' and whites but the smallest response for the other carbohydrate challenges. It was concluded that a difference exists in the plaque acidogenic response to carbohydrate between the three ethnic groups and that this may in part account for differences in caries prevalences.
Authors:
M A Pollard; P Cleaton-Jones; A Smit; C Sam
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International dental journal     Volume:  47     ISSN:  0020-6539     ISO Abbreviation:  Int Dent J     Publication Date:  1997 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-02-17     Completed Date:  1998-02-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374714     Medline TA:  Int Dent J     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  39-44     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Affiliation:
Child Dental Health, Leeds Dental Institute, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acids
African Continental Ancestry Group
Analysis of Variance
Cereals
Child
DMF Index
Dental Caries / etiology
Dental Plaque / physiopathology*
Dietary Carbohydrates / pharmacology*
Dietary Sucrose / pharmacology*
Ethnic Groups*
European Continental Ancestry Group
Humans
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Prevalence
South Africa
Yogurt
Zea mays
Zingiberales
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Acids; 0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Sucrose

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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