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Andrés piquer and the neo-hippocratic teaching of medicine in eighteenth century Spain.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21560589     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Eighteenth century Spain witnessed a revaluation of the Hippocratic works as a result of the growing criticism of the Galenism dominant in the Spanish University of the time. Probably the most important author in this reformist trend was Andrès Piquer y Arrufat (1711-1772), eclectic philosopher, university professor and doctor to the Kings Fernando VI and Carlos III. His desire to transform medical university instruction following Hippocrates' rules led him to make some of the first Hippocratic treatises from ancient Greek to Spanish, for the first time. Among these treatises, the translation and commentary of Epidemics 1 and 3, and partially of Epidemics 2, are especially noteworthy. This medical and philological work relates not only to Hippocrates but also to the medical concepts of Thomas Sydenham, the English Hippocrates. The Clinical Histories and descriptions of katastasies in his Observationes medicae (London, 1676) exerted a great influence not only on A. Piquer but also on many Spanish doctors. Moreover, the works of Herman Boerhaave and especially of his pupil Gerhard van Swieten left their imprint on the ideas of the Spanish doctor. Besides his translations, A. Piquer wrote many treatises based on Hippocratic teaching for university students, in Latin as well as in Spanish. His Praxis Medica was translated into Portuguese and his Tratado de las calenturas (About the fevers) into French.
Authors:
Jesús Angel y Espinós
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Studies in ancient medicine     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0925-1421     ISO Abbreviation:  Stud Anc Med     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9112135     Medline TA:  Stud Anc Med     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  461-74     Citation Subset:  QIS    
Affiliation:
Universidad Complutenese de Madrid.
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