Document Detail


A pilot survey on hand washing among some communities of West Bengal.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17444051     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A cross-sectional observational study was carried out between April to May 2006 by interview method and observation technique with the objective to know the knowledge regarding hand washing in the community and it was done in the slum and nonslum urban areas and also one rural area. The result shows that in urban slum area 98% washed their hands with soap after defecation; Only 36%, 16% and 2% washed their hands with soap before meal, before serving food and before cooking respectively. However, it was observed that 69% used soap and water for hand washing after cleaning the child's faeces. In rural area 71% used soap and water after defecation while 26% used mud or ash. Only 13%, 1%, 1% and 5% used soap and water before meal, before serving food, before cooking and after cleaning the child's faeces. 82.35% of respondents in non slum area and 89% of respondents in rural area considered that diarrhoea and dysentery could be prevented by hand washing while they did not give importance to hand washing in prevention of diarrhoea over other methods like cleanliness, boiling and purification of water. ARI was much higher (25.72%) in rural area followed by slum area (13.77%) and non-slum area (3.87%). Out of 30 observations among 302 interview made on hand-washing only first step i.e. palm washing (transient rubbing the palm with soap) was followed by all the participants observed. Time taken for such hand-washing was only around five seconds (ideal 15-30 seconds) in urban slum and rural areas while in non slum area it varied between 7-10 seconds on an average. No one followed any other steps of hand-washing, recommended by IFH.
Authors:
S K Ray; M Dobe; S Maji; D Chakrabarty; A K Sinha Roy; S S Basu
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of public health     Volume:  50     ISSN:  0019-557X     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Public Health     Publication Date:    2006 Oct-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-04-20     Completed Date:  2007-05-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400673     Medline TA:  Indian J Public Health     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  225-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Dept. of Community Medicine, Medical College, Kolkata. sandip89@hotmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Attitude to Health*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Data Collection
Diarrhea / etiology,  prevention & control
Educational Status
Female
Handwashing / methods*
Humans
India
Middle Aged
Pilot Projects
Poverty Areas
Rural Population
Urban Population

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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