Document Detail


A pilot study of exposure control of chronic auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7551607     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Many patients complain less of their auditory hallucinations per se than of lack of control of the experiences. There is reason to believe that a non-distraction (exposure) approach could help patients gain more control over persistent auditory hallucinations and teach them that their experience is a form of thinking and has no external source. This study is a pilot test of that idea. METHOD: Five DSM-III-R schizophrenic outpatients with medication-resistant auditory hallucinations improved with a mean of 31 hour-long sessions over 3 months of therapist-guided exposure to their hallucinations and situations likely to evoke them. RESULTS: Improvement was greatest in patients' anxiety and sense of control over their hallucinations, less in social use of leisure and hallucinating time. CONCLUSIONS: These mildly encouraging pilot results warrant a controlled study of exposure for drug-resistant chronic auditory hallucinations and other psychotic experiences which are associated with anxious avoidance.
Authors:
R Persaud; I Marks
Related Documents :
12579457 - Comparison of chamber and face mask 6.6-hour exposure to 0.08 ppm ozone via square-wave...
7059827 - Auditory stimulation alters the pattern of 2-deoxyglucose uptake in the inner ear.
1601217 - Time course of permeability changes and pmn flux in rat trachea following o3 exposure.
2751167 - Acute ozone exposure increases plasma prostaglandin f2 alpha in ozone-sensitive human s...
11427777 - Response of blood lipids to exercise training alone or combined with dietary intervention.
3511937 - The effect of indomethacin on breathlessness in patients with diffuse parenchymal disea...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science     Volume:  167     ISSN:  0007-1250     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Psychiatry     Publication Date:  1995 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-11-21     Completed Date:  1995-11-21     Revised Date:  2010-03-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0342367     Medline TA:  Br J Psychiatry     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  45-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Psychiatry, London.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Anxiety / psychology,  therapy
Attention
Auditory Perception*
Awareness
Desensitization, Psychologic / methods*
Hallucinations / psychology,  therapy*
Humans
Internal-External Control
Pilot Projects
Reality Testing
Schizophrenia / therapy*
Schizophrenic Psychology*
Speech Perception
Thinking
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Tardive dyskinesia in schizophrenia. Relationship to minor physical anomalies, frontal lobe dysfunct...
Next Document:  Neuropsychological function in manic-depressive psychosis. Evidence for persistent deficits in patie...