Document Detail

A physiotherapist-delivered, combined exercise and pain coping skills training intervention for individuals with knee osteoarthritis: A pilot study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22921688     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is associated with a number of physical and psychological impairments. Unfortunately, very few treatment strategies are capable of addressing both types of impairments concurrently. We performed a pilot, randomized controlled, proof of principle trial investigating the feasibility and effects of an intervention combining physical exercise and pain coping skills training (PCST). METHODS: Twenty patients with a clinical and radiographical diagnosis of tibiofemoral OA were randomized to receive either 10weeks of physiotherapist supervised exercises (lower limb strengthening and walking) combined with non-directive counseling (NDC) or the same exercise program delivered concurrently with PCST. Primary outcomes included self-reported pain and pain coping, while secondary outcomes included self efficacy and self-reported physical function. RESULTS: Ten participants were randomized to each group and both groups exhibited significant improvements in isometric knee strength, self-reported knee pain and physical function, self efficacy for control of pain management and other arthritis symptoms. Only those in the exercise+PCST group reported statistically significant improvements in pain control coping and rational thinking. No between-group differences existed in any outcome (0.07<p<0.98). Based on our findings, 63 participants per group would be needed for future large-scale studies using similar outcome measures and design. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that an intervention that combines exercise and PCST within the same treatment session and delivered by specially-trained physiotherapists is feasible and can improve both physical and psychological outcomes in individuals with knee OA. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II Clinical Trials Registry number: ACTRN12609000623291.
Michael A Hunt; Francis J Keefe; Christina Bryant; Ben R Metcalf; Yasmin Ahamed; Michael K Nicholas; Kim L Bennell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Knee     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-5800     ISO Abbreviation:  Knee     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9430798     Medline TA:  Knee     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Department of Physical Therapy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
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