Document Detail


A physiological profile of tennis match play.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11404666     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The aim of this investigation was to examine physiological demands of single match play in tennis. METHODS: 20 players performed 10 matches of 50 min. Respiratory gas exchange measures (RGEM) and heart rates (HR) were measured using two portable systems. Lactate concentration was determined after each game. The average oxygen uptake (VO2) of 270 games was 29.1 +/- 5.6 mL.kg-1.min-1 (51.1 +/- 10.9% of VO2max). Average VO2 for a game ranged from 10.4 to 47.8 mL.kg-1.min-1 (20.4 and 86.8% of VO2max). Average lactate concentration (LA) was 2.07 +/- 0.9 mmol.L-1 (ranging from 0.7 to 5.2 mmol.L-1). Furthermore, we monitored the duration of rallies (DR), the effective playing time (EPT), and the stroke frequency (SF). The average values of 270 games were DR: 6.4 +/- 4.1 s, EPT: 29.3 +/- 12.1%, SF: 42.6 +/- 9.6 shots.min-1. RESULTS: Multiple regression revealed that the DR was the most promising variable for the determination of VO2 in match play (r = 0.54). The body surface area (BSA) and EPT were also entered into the calculation model. In games of two defensive players, VO2 was significantly higher than in games with at least one offensive player. CONCLUSION:Our results suggest that energy demands of tennis matches are significantly influenced by DR. The highest average VO2 of a game of 47.8 mL.kg-1.min-1 may be regarded as a guide to assess endurance capacity required to sustain high-intensity periods of tennis matches compared with average VO2 of 29.1 mL.kg-1.min-1 for the 270 games. Our results suggest that proper conditioning is advisable especially for players who prefer to play from the baseline.
Authors:
G Smekal; S P von Duvillard; C Rihacek; R Pokan; P Hofmann; R Baron; H Tschan; N Bachl
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  33     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2001 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-06-13     Completed Date:  2001-08-23     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  999-1005     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Institute of Sports Sciences, Department of Sport Physiology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Energy Metabolism
Humans
Lactic Acid / blood*
Male
Oxygen Consumption*
Physical Endurance*
Tennis / physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
50-21-5/Lactic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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