Document Detail

The physical limits of grating visibility.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3447346     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We examined the extent to which pre-neural factors constrain the detectability of sinusoidal gratings of different spatial frequencies and luminances. Contrast sensitivity functions were measured in two observers for foveally-presented grating patches. Spatial extent of the patches was inversely proportional to grating frequency. The observers' contrast sensitivity functions were then compared to the performance of an ideal discriminator (Geisler, 1984) which incorporated the effects of quantal fluctuations, optical transfer, ocular media transmittance, and the aperture, quantum efficiency, and spatial distribution of foveal photoreceptors. The sensitivity of the ideal discriminator was roughly 20-fold greater than that of the human observers, but the shapes of the ideal and human CSFs were quite similar from 5 to 40 c/deg and from 3.4 to 340 cd/m2. The similarity of shapes demonstrates that the high-frequency rolloff of the foveal CSF for gratings with a fixed number of cycles can be explained by the operation of pre-neural factors alone. Previous research has shown that grating summation area is inversely proportional to the square of spatial frequency. Thus, for gratings with fixed spatial extent the high-frequency rolloff can be explained by the pre-neural factors plus variations in grating summation area. These conclusions imply in turn that the neural transfer function is much flatter than previously thought and that private line connections from foveal photoreceptors to higher visual centers are common.
M S Banks; W S Geisler; P J Bennett
Related Documents :
20937716 - Segregation of chromatic and luminance signals using a novel grating stimulus.
19430976 - Phenomenological description of local extremes on contrast sensitivity curves.
19844296 - Design and fabrication of a spatial light modulator using thermally tunable grating and...
1455726 - Human speed perception is contrast dependent.
22163626 - A review of accelerometry-based wearable motion detectors for physical activity monitor...
6650656 - Optical characteristics of transpaseal as a partial occluder.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Vision research     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0042-6989     ISO Abbreviation:  Vision Res.     Publication Date:  1987  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-05-24     Completed Date:  1988-05-24     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417402     Medline TA:  Vision Res     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1915-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Optometry, University of California, Berkeley 94720.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Eye Movements
Form Perception / physiology*
Fovea Centralis / physiology
Pattern Recognition, Visual / physiology*
Sensory Thresholds / physiology
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Implications of the Craik-O'Brien illusion for brightness perception.
Next Document:  The amplitude and angle of saccades to double-step target displacements.