Document Detail

A phylogenetic analysis of woodpeckers and their allies using 12S, Cyt b, and COI nucleotide sequences (class Aves; order Piciformes).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15869887     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Although the woodpeckers have long been recognized as a natural, monophyletic taxon, morphological analyses of their intra- and intergeneric relationships have produced conflicting results. To clarify this issue, and as part of a larger study of piciform relationships, nucleotide sequences for the 12S ribosomal RNA (12S; 1123 bp), cytochrome b (Cyt b; 1022 bp), and cytochrome oxidase c subunit 1 (COI; 1512 bp) mitochondrial genes were obtained from 34 piciform species that included 16 of the 23 currently recognized woodpecker genera (subfamily Picinae), three piculets (subfamily Picumninae), a wryneck (subfamily Jynginae), a honeyguide (family Indicatoridae), and three barbets (infraorder Ramphastides). Analyses were conducted on the individual and combined 12S, Cyt b, and COI sequences with maximum parsimony, neighbor-joining, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian algorithms. Based on the strong, congruent support among the different data partitions and models of sequence evolution, a highly resolved consensus of the relationships among woodpeckers and their allies could be formed. The monophyly of Indicatoridae + Picidae (infraorder Picides), Picidae, Picinae + Picumninae, and Picinae was strongly supported in all analyses. However, the tribes Colaptini, Picini, Campephilini, and Campetherini were shown to be paraphyletic as were the genera of Colaptes and Piculus. A revision of the tribal-level classification of woodpeckers is proposed and the importance of plumage convergence among woodpeckers is discussed.
David Matthew Webb; William S Moore
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular phylogenetics and evolution     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1055-7903     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Phylogenet. Evol.     Publication Date:  2005 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-06-15     Completed Date:  2005-11-21     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9304400     Medline TA:  Mol Phylogenet Evol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  233-48     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 830 N. University Avenue, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48103, USA.
Data Bank Information
Bank Name/Acc. No.:
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MeSH Terms
Birds / classification,  genetics*
Codon / genetics
Cytochromes b / genetics
DNA, Mitochondrial / chemistry,  genetics*
Electron Transport Complex IV / genetics
Genetic Variation
Models, Genetic
Molecular Sequence Data
Point Mutation
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
RNA, Ribosomal / genetics
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Species Specificity
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Codon; 0/DNA, Mitochondrial; 0/RNA, Ribosomal; 0/RNA, ribosomal, 12S; 9035-37-4/Cytochromes b; EC Transport Complex IV

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