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A periconceptional energy-rich dietary pattern is associated with early fetal growth: the Generation R study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23194298     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To identify periconceptional maternal dietary patterns associated with crown-rump length (CRL), estimated fetal weight (EFW) and birthweight. DESIGN: Population-based prospective birth cohort study. SETTING: Rotterdam, the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: For this study, 847 pregnant Dutch women were eligible. Women were included between 2001 and 2005. METHODS: Information on nutritional intake was collected by a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. For extracting dietary patterns, principal component factor analysis was used. Fetal growth was assessed using ultrasound measurements. Information on birth outcomes was retrieved from medical records. Multivariate regression analyses were used. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Crown-to-rump length, estimated fetal weight in second and third trimester and birthweight. RESULTS: An 'energy-rich dietary pattern' was identified, characterised by high intakes of bread, margarine and nuts. A significant association was shown between a high adherence to this dietary pattern (difference, mm: 2.15, 95% confidence interval 0.79-3.50) and CRL (linear trend analyses P = 0.015). No association was revealed between increasing adherence to this dietary pattern and EFW in second or third trimester, or birthweight. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that increasing adherence to an energy-rich dietary pattern is associated with increased CRL in the first trimester.
Authors:
Mi Bouwland-Both; Rpm Steegers-Theunissen; M Vujkovic; Emeh Lesaffre; DO Mook-Kanamori; A Hofman; J Lindemans; H Russcher; Vwv Jaddoe; Eap Steegers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  BJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1471-0528     ISO Abbreviation:  BJOG     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100935741     Medline TA:  BJOG     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors BJOG An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology © 2012 RCOG.
Affiliation:
The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
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