Document Detail


The perceptual attack time of musical tones.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3624645     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Perceptual attack time (PAT) is defined as the time a tone's moment of attack or most salient metrical feature is perceived relative to its physical onset. Experiments are described that measured the PATs of recorded orchestral instrument tones by means of an interactive procedure with a computer and digital music synthesizer. Some PAT prediction models were then developed and tested against the empirical data. The most successful model had a correlation of 0.995 between measured and predicted PATs. The PAT is dependent on both rise time and listening level, indicating that the slope of the rise function is a key factor. Duration and spectrum can also act as cues to PAT, but are much less influential than amplitude or intensity cues. Possible relations to findings in physiology, particularly to the phenomenon of short-term adaptation in the firing of auditory fibers, are discussed.
Authors:
J W Gordon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America     Volume:  82     ISSN:  0001-4966     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Acoust. Soc. Am.     Publication Date:  1987 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-10-20     Completed Date:  1987-10-20     Revised Date:  2006-12-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503051     Medline TA:  J Acoust Soc Am     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  88-105     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Auditory Perception*
Humans
Models, Psychological
Music*
Psychoacoustics
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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