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The pattern of the discovery of medication errors in a tertiary hospital in Hong Kong.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23423642     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background The primary goal of reducing medication errors is to eliminate those that reach the patient. Objective We aimed to study the pattern of interceptions to tackle medication errors along the medication use processes. Setting Tertiary care hospital in Hong Kong. Method The 'Swiss Cheese Model' was used to explain the interceptions targeting medication error reporting over 5 years (2006-2010). Main outcome measures Proportions of prescribing, dispensing and drug administration errors intercepted by pharmacists and nurses; proportions of prescribing, dispensing and drug administration errors that reached the patient. Results Our analysis included 1,268 in-patient medication errors, of which 53.4 % were related to prescribing, 29.0 % to administration and 17.6 % to dispensing. 34.1 % of all medication errors (4.9 % prescribing, 26.8 % drug administration and 2.4 % dispensing) were not intercepted. Pharmacy staff intercepted 85.4 % of the prescribing errors. Nurses detected 83.0 % of dispensing and 5.0 % of prescribing errors. However, 92.4 % of all drug administration errors reached the patient. Conclusions Having a preventive measure at each stage of the medication use process helps to prevent most errors. Most drug administration errors reach the patient as there is no defense against these. Therefore, more interventions to prevent drug administration errors are warranted.
N R Samaranayake; S T D Cheung; W C M Chui; B M Y Cheung
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of clinical pharmacy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2210-7711     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Clin Pharm     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101554912     Medline TA:  Int J Clin Pharm     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong.
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