Document Detail


The pathological status of exercise dependence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10786869     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: This study was concerned with the concept of exercise dependence. Levels of psychological morbidity, personality profiles, and exercise beliefs were compared among subjects screened for exercise dependence and eating disorders. METHOD: Adult female exercisers were allocated on the basis of questionnaire screening to one of the following groups: primary exercise dependence (n = 43); secondary exercise dependence, where there was the coincidence of exercise dependence and an eating disorder (n = 27); eating disorder (n =14); control, where there was no evidence of either exercise dependence or eating disorder (n = 110). Questionnaire assessment was undertaken of psychological morbidity, self esteem, weight and body shape dissatisfaction, personality, and exercise beliefs. RESULTS: Aside from a higher incidence of reported menstrual abnormalities, the primary exercise dependence group was largely indistinguishable from the controls. In stark contrast, the secondary exercise dependence group reported higher levels of psychological morbidity, neuroticism, dispositional addictiveness, and impulsiveness, lower self esteem, greater concern with body shape and weight, as well as with the social, psychological, and aesthetic costs of not exercising than the controls, but differed little from the eating disorder group. CONCLUSIONS: In the absence of an eating disorder, women identified as being exercise dependent do not exhibit the sorts of personality characteristics and levels of psychological distress that warrant the construction of primary exercise dependence as a widespread pathology.
Authors:
D Bamber; I M Cockerill; D Carroll
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of sports medicine     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0306-3674     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Sports Med     Publication Date:  2000 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-06-13     Completed Date:  2000-06-13     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0432520     Medline TA:  Br J Sports Med     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  125-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Body Image
Eating Disorders / psychology
Exercise / psychology*
Female
Humans
Impulsive Behavior
Menstruation Disturbances / etiology
Personality*
Self Concept
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