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Is pathological grief lasting more than 12 months grief or depression?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23196998     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: DSM-5 and ICD-11 have proposed new psychiatric diagnoses to describe persistent and severe grief reactions. These initiatives have sparked much controversy because of concerns that diagnosing grief responses may overpathologize normative distress following bereavement. This review outlines the evidence for diagnosing grief.
RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple studies indicate that, more than 6 months after bereavement, 10-15% of bereaved people experience marked impairment secondary to severe grief responses. This response is characterized by intense yearning for the deceased together with related symptoms, is noted across cultures and age groups, is distinct from depression and anxiety, and contributes to psychiatric morbidity, poor health behaviors, physical illnesses, and occupational and social dysfunction. Psychotherapeutic interventions targeted at the core symptoms of prolonged grief show promising results, in contrast to poor response to psychotherapy and pharmacological interventions targeted at depression.
SUMMARY: There is convergent evidence that introducing psychiatric diagnoses to identify bereaved people suffering prolonged severe grief responses addresses a major public health issue, is supported by convergent evidence, and has the potential to minimize inappropriate treatment as a result of misdiagnosis.
Richard A Bryant
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in psychiatry     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1473-6578     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Opin Psychiatry     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8809880     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Psychiatry     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  41-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, New South Wales, Australia.
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