Document Detail


The participation of community members on medical institutional review boards.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22378129     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The goal of this study was to describe the contributions of community members (unaffiliated members) who serve on institutional review boards (IRBs) at large medical research centers and to compare their contributions to those of other IRB members. We observed and audiotaped 17 panel meetings attended by community members and interviewed 15 community members, as well as 152 other members and staff. The authors coded transcripts of the panel meetings and reviewed the interviews of the community members. Community members played a lesser role as designated reviewers than other members. They were infrequently primary reviewers and expressed hesitation about the role. As secondary or tertiary reviewers, they were less active participants than other members in those roles. Community members were more likely to focus on issues related to confidentiality when reviewing an application than other reviewers. When they were not designated reviewers, however, they played a markedly greater role and their discussion focused more on consent disclosures than other reviewers. They did not appear to represent the community so much as to provide a nonscientific view of the protocol and the consent form.
Authors:
Charles W Lidz; Lorna J Simon; Antonia V Seligowski; Suzanne Myers; William Gardner; Philip J Candilis; Robert Arnold; Paul S Appelbaum
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of empirical research on human research ethics : JERHRE     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1556-2654     ISO Abbreviation:  J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-01     Completed Date:  2012-04-23     Revised Date:  2013-06-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101273949     Medline TA:  J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-6     Citation Subset:  E; IM    
Affiliation:
University of Massachusetts Medical School, Department of Psychiatry, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, MA 01605-2805, USA. Charles.lidz@umassmed.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Academic Medical Centers
Adult
Committee Membership*
Consumer Participation*
Ethics Committees*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Role
United States
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
5 R01 CA107295/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R01 CA107295/CA/NCI NIH HHS; UL1 RR024153/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; UL1 TR000005/TR/NCATS NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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