Document Detail


A parametric variation of delayed reinforcement in infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8283147     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study is an exploration of the parameters of delayed reinforcement with 6 infants (2 to 6 months old) in two experiments using single-subject repeated-reversal designs. In Experiment 1, unsignaled 3-s delayed reinforcement was used to increase infant vocalization rate when compared to a differential-reinforcement-of-other-than-vocalization condition and a yoked, no-contingency comparison condition. In Experiment 2, unsignaled 5-s delayed reinforcement was used to increase infant vocalization rate when compared to an alternating-treatments comparison condition. The alternating-treatments comparison consisted of 3-min components of differential reinforcement of other behavior and 3-min components of a nontreatment baseline. Successful conditioning was obtained in both experiments. These results contrast with those of previous infancy researchers who did not obtained conditioning with delays of 3 s and who attributed their findings to the limitations of the infant's memory capacity. We present an alternative conceptual framework and methodology for the analysis of delayed reinforcement in infants.
Authors:
L Reeve; K F Reeve; C L Poulson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the experimental analysis of behavior     Volume:  60     ISSN:  0022-5002     ISO Abbreviation:  J Exp Anal Behav     Publication Date:  1993 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-02-14     Completed Date:  1994-02-14     Revised Date:  2010-09-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0203727     Medline TA:  J Exp Anal Behav     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  515-27     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Queens College, City University of New York, Flushing 11367-1597.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Behavior
Child Psychology
Conditioning (Psychology)
Crying*
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Photic Stimulation
Reinforcement Schedule
Reinforcement, Social*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HD 22070/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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