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Is the pancreas affected in patients with septic shock? -- a prospective study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21459727     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Hyperamylasemia can be observed anecdotally during the course of severe sepsis or septic shock. This study aimed to investigate the possibility of pancreatic involvement in patients with septic shock using serum pancreatic enzyme determinations and imaging techniques in 21 consecutive patients with septic shock and 21 healthy subjects as controls.
METHODS: The serum activity of pancreatic amylase and lipase was assayed initially in all subjects and 24 and 48 hours after the initial observation in the 21 patients with septic shock. All patients also underwent radiological examination to detect pancreatic abnormalities.
RESULTS: The serum activity of pancreatic amylase was significantly higher in the 21 patients with septic shock than in the 21 control subjects during the study period, while the serum activity of lipase was similar to that of the control subjects. Amylase and lipase serum activity did not significantly changed throughout the study period in the 21 patients with septic shock. None of the patients with pancreatic hyperenzymemia had clinical signs or morphological alterations compatible with acute pancreatitis.
CONCLUSION: The presence of pancreatic hyperenzymemia in septic shock patients is not a biochemical manifestation of acute pancreatic damage, and the management of these patients should be dependent on the clinical situation and not merely the biochemical results.
Authors:
Raffaele Pezzilli; Alessandra Barassi; Andrea Imbrogno; Dario Fabbri; Antonina Pigna; Antonio M Morselli-Labate; Roberto Corinaldesi; Gianvico Melzi d'Eril
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hepatobiliary & pancreatic diseases international : HBPD INT     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1499-3872     ISO Abbreviation:  HBPD INT     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101151457     Medline TA:  Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  191-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Digestive Diseases and Internal Medicine, Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. raffaele.pezzilli@aosp.bo.it.
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