Document Detail

pH dependent dissolution of sediment aluminum in six Danish lakes treated with aluminum.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23273857     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The possible pH dependent dissolution of aluminum hydroxides (Al(OH)(3)) from lake sediments was studied in six lakes previously treated with Al to bind excess phosphorus (P). Surface sediment was suspended for 2 h in lake water of pH 7.5, 8.5, or 9.5 with resulting stepwise increments in dissolved Al observed in all lakes. The amount of dissolved Al increased proportional to the sediment content of Al(OH)(3) as quantified by a sequential extraction technique. Up to 24% of the sediment Al(OH)(3) could dissolve within 2 h at pH 9.5 and a portion of sediment P was dissolved concomitantly. Lowering pH to 7 caused 30-100% of the dissolved Al to precipitate again after 24 h. Re-precipitation of mobilized P varied from 50% to more than 100%. A test with untreated sediment showed the same proportionality which means that also indigenous Al(OH)(3) can dissolve frequently in lakes with high pH water. Release rates of dissolved Al from intact sediment cores at the same three pH values was measured in three of the lakes, and showed increased Al release rates at pH 8.5 in one of the lakes and 9.5 in two of the lakes. Our study demonstrates a risk of dissolution of sediment Al(OH)(3) to form aluminate in shallow lakes, where resuspension and high pH in the water occurs frequently. In the worst case dissolved Al may reach toxic levels in lakes treated by Al but also the concomitant release of P and the possible loss of dissolved Al to downstream ecosystems are negative effects that may occur already at more modest dissolution of Al(OH)(3) and Al-bound P.
Kasper Reitzel; Henning S Jensen; Sara Egemose
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Water research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-2448     ISO Abbreviation:  Water Res.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0105072     Medline TA:  Water Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Institute of Biology, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark. Electronic address:
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