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The oxygen uptake kinetic response to moderate intensity exercise in overweight and non-overweight children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22907694     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objective:To compare the phase II oxygen uptake time constant (τV'O(2)) and V'O(2) mean response time (V'O(2)MRT) in overweight (OW) and non-OW (NO) children during moderate intensity exercise.Design:Between subjects where participants completed a maximal ramp exercise test on an electromagnetically braked cycle ergometer to determine peak V'O(2) (V'O(2peak)) and gas exchange threshold (GET). Gas exchange was measured breath-by-breath using a mass spectrometer. On subsequent visits, 6 square-wave transitions (2 per day) from 0 W to 90% GET were completed. Individual phase II τV'O(2) and V'O(2)MRTs were estimated from time aligned average V'O(2) traces.Subjects:Eleven OW (11.8±0.4 years) and 12 NO (11.9±0.4 years) children were recruited to the study. The OW group was significantly heavier (62.9±9.7 vs 39.4±5.8 kg, P<0.001), taller (1.58±0.05 vs 1.47±0.07 m, P<0.001) and had a higher body mass index (25.8±3.4 vs 18.3±1.8 kg m(-2), P<0.001).Results:Both τV'O(2) (30.2±9.6 vs 22.8±7.1 s, P<0.05) and V'O(2)MRT (43.5±10.7 vs 36.3±5.3 s, P<0.05) were significantly slower in OW compared with NO children; absolute V'O(2peak) was higher in the OW compared with NO group (2.23±0.04 vs 1.74±0.04 l min(-1), P<0.05); mass relative V'O(2peak) was lower in OW compared with NO children (35.9±8.3 vs 43.8±6.2 ml kg(-1) min(-1), P<0.05); allometrically scaled V'O(2peak) was similar between OW and NO groups whether relative to body mass(0.67) (139.8±29.1 vs 147.2±23.9 ml kg(-67) min(-1)) or stature(3) (576.0±87.2 vs 544.9±84.9 ml m(-3) min(-1)) (P>0.05); absolute V'O(2) at GET was similar between OW and NO groups (0.94±0.24 vs 0.78±0.27 l min(-1), P>0.05); GET expressed as percentage of V'O(2peak) was similar between the groups (42.0±0.1 vs 44.8±0.1%, P>0.05).Conclusion:These findings demonstrate impairment in the factors determining V'O(2) kinetics in OW children at a relatively young age. Furthermore, assessment of cardiorespiratory fitness using peak exercise values is likely to be misleading and not useful when designing exercise programmes for OW children.International Journal of Obesity advance online publication, 21 August 2012; doi:10.1038/ijo.2012.130.
Authors:
C R Potter; J K Zakrzewski; S B Draper; V B Unnithan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of obesity (2005)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-5497     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Obes (Lond)     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101256108     Medline TA:  Int J Obes (Lond)     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Oxstalls Campus, University of Gloucestershire, Gloucestershire, UK.
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