Document Detail

The oxygen uptake efficiency slope in children with congenital heart disease: construct and group validity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21450644     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Objective: The oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) has been proposed as an independent and objective alternative to the peak oxygen uptake (VO(2peak)), which does not require maximal exercise. The aim of this study was to investigate the construct and group validity of the OUES in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). Methods: Thirty-one patients with CHD, of which 16 patients (mean age ± SD 11.2 ± 2.7 years) with a Fontan repair and 15 patients (mean age ± SD 13.2 ± 3.6 years) with surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) completed a symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise test. The OUES was calculated and normalized for body surface area at three different exercise intensities: (1) using 100% of the exercise data; (2) using the first 75% of the exercise data; and (3) using exercise data up to the ventilatory threshold (VT). Furthermore, peak oxygen uptake (VO(2peak)), VT, ventilatory efficiency (V(E)/VO(2)-slope), and ventilatory drive (V(E)/VCO(2)-slope) were calculated and compared with values of 46 healthy children (mean age ± SD 12.2 ± 2.4 years). Results: In all three groups, the OUES values determined at the three different exercise intensities were not significantly different from each other. Moreover, the OUES was significantly reduced in the children with CHD, with significantly lower values in the Fontan patients compared to ToF. Strong correlations were found between the OUES and both the VO(2peak) and VT in Fontan and ToF patients. Discussion: The OUES provides a valid measure of cardiopulmonary fitness in children with CHD, which is independent of exercise intensity and strongly correlated with VO(2peak) and VT (construct validity). Furthermore, the OUES is capable of differentiating between healthy children and children with CHD and between Fontan and ToF patients (group validity). Therefore, the OUES may be a valid, effort-independent parameter of cardiopulmonary fitness in children with CHD.
Bc Bongers; Hj Hulzebos; Ac Blank; M van Brussel; T Takken
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation : official journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups on Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1741-8275     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101192000     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Child Development and Exercise Center, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
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