Document Detail

The oxygen consumption associated with unloaded walking and load carriage using two different backpack designs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10774872     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of this study was to assess the energy expenditure associated with load carriage using both a traditional rucksack and a new rucksack design, the AARN rucksack, which incorporates front balance pockets. Nine volunteers walked at 3 km h(-1) at various uphill and downhill gradients on a treadmill without a load and carrying a load of 25.6 kg in each of the rucksacks. The oxygen consumption associated with both of the loading conditions was significantly (P < 0.001) higher than that associated with unloaded walking at all downhill gradients tested, although there was no significant difference between the two loading conditions. During the uphill gradients the oxygen consumption associated with the AARN pack was significantly (P < 0.05) lower than that associated with the traditional pack at the 0%, 5%, 10% and 20% gradients. The mean (%) differences at these gradients, expressed in ml x kg(-1) x min(-1) were 1.18 (9%), 1.45 (8%), 1.76 (8%) and 1.88 (6%), respectively. On average for the whole protocol, the oxygen consumption associated with the AARN rucksack was 5% lower than that associated with the traditional rucksack [mean (SD) 17.28 (7.46) ml x kg(-1) x min(-1) for the AARN pack and 18.20 (7.84) ml x kg(-1) x min(-1) for the traditional pack]. The findings of the present study suggest that a load carriage system that allows the load to be distributed between the back and font of the trunk is more appropriate for carrying relatively heavy loads than a system that loads the back only.
R Lloyd; C B Cooke
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  81     ISSN:  1439-6319     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2000 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-06-06     Completed Date:  2000-06-06     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  486-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Sciences, University of Sunderland, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Energy Metabolism
Equipment Design
Oxygen Consumption / physiology*
Walking / physiology*
Weight-Bearing / physiology*

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