Document Detail


UV/TiO2 and UV/TiO2/chemical oxidant processes for the removal of humic acid, Cr and Cu in aqueous TiO2 suspensions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19438054     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objective of this study was to investigate the treatment efficiency of UV/TiO2 and UV/TiO2/chemical oxidant processes for the removal of humic acid and hazardous heavy metals in aqueous TiO2 suspensions. The reaction rate (k) of humic acid and hazardous heavy metals by UV/TiO2 was higher than that of UV illumination alone or TiO2 alone. The removal efficiency for humic acid and Cr(VI) at acid or neutral pH values was higher than that at basic pH values. However, the removal efficiency for Cu(II) at acid pH values was smaller compared with that at neutral or basic pH values. The reaction rate (k) of humic acid and hazardous heavy metals in the TiO2 concentration range of 0.1-0.3 g l(-1) increased with increasing TiO2 dosage. However, amounts higher than a TiO2 dosage of 0.3 g l(-1) reduced the removal efficiency for humic acid and hazardous heavy metals because of the shielding effect on the UV light penetration in the aqueous solution caused by the presence of excessive amounts of TiO2. The addition of oxidants to the UV/TiO2 system showed an increase in degradation efficiency for the treatment of humic acid and hazardous heavy metals. The optimal concentration of oxidants was: H2O2 50 mg l(-1), O3 20 g m(-3) and K2S2O8 50 mg l(-1), respectively. The degradation efficiency of UV/TiO2/oxidant systems for the removal of humic acid and hazardous heavy metals was much greater when H2O2 was used as the oxidant.
Authors:
J-T Jung; J-Y Choi; J Chung; Y-W Lee; J-O Kim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental technology     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0959-3330     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ Technol     Publication Date:  2009 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-05-14     Completed Date:  2009-07-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9884939     Medline TA:  Environ Technol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  225-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Civil Engineering, Kangnung National University, Gangneung-daehangno 120, Gangneung, Gangwon-do, 210-702, Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Chromium / chemistry
Copper / chemistry
Equipment Design
Humic Substances*
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Kinetics
Metals, Heavy / chemistry*
Oxidants / chemistry*
Photochemical Processes
Titanium / chemistry*
Ultraviolet Rays*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Humic Substances; 0/Metals, Heavy; 0/Oxidants; 13463-67-7/titanium dioxide; 7440-32-6/Titanium; 7440-47-3/Chromium; 7440-50-8/Copper

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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