Document Detail

An overview of physical growth and maturation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20956856     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
An understanding of physical growth and maturation is relevant to many disciplines, including exercise and sport science, anthropology, human biology, medicine, psychology and education. Growth and maturation is governed by a complex interaction between genetic and environmental factors. There is increasing evidence that physical activity plays an important role in normal growth, development, health and well-being of children and youth, however, caution is required in the activity setting so that growth and maturation is not jeopardized. To appreciate the impact of physical activity and/or exercise on growth and maturation, a thorough understanding of the general principles of auxology is useful. Following an introduction to terminology, an overview of physical growth and development is provided in the context of morphological changes. Detailed information is provided regarding individual variability in growth and development along with sexual dimorphism. A small degree of sexual dimorphism exists at birth however striking differences develop during the pubertal years. Sexual dimorphism in body composition is largely regulated by endocrine factors with critical roles played by growth hormone and gonadal steroids.
Andrew P Hills; Nuala M Byrne
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2010-10-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and sport science     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0254-5020     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sport Sci     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-19     Completed Date:  2010-12-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8402440     Medline TA:  Med Sport Sci     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Adolescent Development / physiology*
Biological Evolution
Body Composition / physiology
Child Development / physiology*
Gonadal Steroid Hormones / physiology
Obesity / physiopathology
Physical Education and Training
Puberty / physiology
Sex Characteristics
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Gonadal Steroid Hormones

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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