Document Detail

The overlap of youth violence among aggressive adolescents with past-year alcohol use-A latent class analysis: aggression and victimization in peer and dating violence in an inner city emergency department sample.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23200158     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify overlap and violence types between peer and dating aggression and victimization using latent class analysis (LCA) among a sample of aggressive adolescents with a history of alcohol use and to identify risk and protective factors associated with each violence class.
METHOD: From September 2006 to September 2009, a systematic sample of patients (14-18 years old) seeking care in an urban emergency department were approached. Adolescents reporting any past-year alcohol use and aggression completed a survey using validated measures including types of violence (severe and moderate aggression, severe and moderate victimization with both peers and dating partners). Using LCA, violence classes were identified; correlates of membership in each LCA class were determined.
RESULTS: Among this sample (n = 694), LCA identified three classes described as (a) peer aggression (PA) (52.2%), (b) peer aggression + peer victimization (PAPV) (18.6%), and (c) multiple domains of violence (MDV) (29.3%). Compared with those in the PA class, those in the PAPV class were more likely to be male, report injury in a fight, and have delinquent peers. Compared with the PA class, those in the MDV class were more likely to be female, African American, report injury in a fight, carry a weapon, experience negative consequences from alcohol use, and have delinquent peers and more family conflict. Compared with the PAPV class, those in the MDV class were likely to be female, African American, receive public assistance, carry a weapon, experience negative consequences from alcohol use, and use marijuana.
CONCLUSIONS: There is extensive overlap of victimization and aggression in both peer and dating relationships. Also, those with high rates of violence across relationships have increased alcohol misuse and marijuana use. Thus, violence-prevention efforts should consider addressing concomitant substance use.
Lauren K Whiteside; Megan L Ranney; Stephen T Chermack; Marc A Zimmerman; Rebecca M Cunningham; Maureen A Walton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs     Volume:  74     ISSN:  1938-4114     ISO Abbreviation:  J Stud Alcohol Drugs     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-03     Completed Date:  2013-05-14     Revised Date:  2014-01-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101295847     Medline TA:  J Stud Alcohol Drugs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  125-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*
Crime Victims / statistics & numerical data*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Data Collection
Emergency Service, Hospital / statistics & numerical data
Peer Group
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Urban Population
Violence / statistics & numerical data*
Grant Support
014889//PHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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