Document Detail

The outcome of twin pregnancies complicated by single fetal death after 20 weeks of gestation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15053847     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A retrospective study involving 972 twin births was conducted to evaluate the maternal and fetal outcomes of twin pregnancies complicated by single fetal death. The incidence of single fetal death in twin pregnancies after 20 weeks was 3.3%. Preterm birth rates for 37 and 32 gestational weeks were 81.3% and 41.6% respectively. The median interval between the diagnosis of fetal death and the delivery was 11 days (range 1-27 days). Eighteen (56%) infants were delivered by cesarean and 14 (43%) vaginally. Twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) was the cause of single fetal death in 8 of 32 twin pregnancies (25%). Ten of the surviving co-twins were lost in the neonatal period (31.3%) and half of those neonatal deaths were due to TTTS. TTTS is the major contributor for perinatal mortality in same-sex twins complicated by single fetal death. The death of one twin in utero should not be the only indication for preterm delivery, and in case of severe prematurity with a stable intrauterine environment; expectant management may be advisable until fetal lung maturation ensues.
Halil Aslan; Ahmet Gul; Altan Cebeci; Ibrahim Polat; Yavuz Ceylan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Twin research : the official journal of the International Society for Twin Studies     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1369-0523     ISO Abbreviation:  Twin Res     Publication Date:  2004 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-03-31     Completed Date:  2004-10-26     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815819     Medline TA:  Twin Res     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Perinatology, SSK Bakirkoy Maternity and Children's Hospital, Istanbul,Turkey.
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MeSH Terms
Fetal Death* / epidemiology
Gestational Age
Infant, Newborn
Pregnancy Complications*
Pregnancy Outcome*
Retrospective Studies

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