Document Detail

An outbreak of typhoid Fever in Florida associated with an imported frozen fruit.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12134260     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
An outbreak of typhoid fever in Florida involving at least 16 persons during the winter of 1998-99 was investigated using case-control, environmental, and laboratory methods. The genomic profiles of Salmonella serovar Typhi (Salmonella Typhi) isolates from the 15 confirmed case subjects were identical. Consumption of fruit shakes made with frozen mamey, a tropical fruit, was significantly associated with illness (matched odds ratio, 7.6; 95% confidence interval, 1.4-81.4). Laboratory testing showed that the fruit was heavily contaminated with fecal coliforms; no Salmonella Typhi was isolated. The frozen mamey was prepared in plants in Guatemala and Honduras. No further cases occurred after the frozen product was recalled. As our nation's food sources become increasingly globalized, the risk of outbreaks of exotic diseases linked to contaminated imported food will increase. This outbreak highlights the need for new approaches to ensure the safety of our food supply.
Dolores J Katz; Miguel A Cruz; Mary Jo Trepka; Juan A Suarez; Paul D Fiorella; Roberta M Hammond
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2002-06-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of infectious diseases     Volume:  186     ISSN:  0022-1899     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Infect. Dis.     Publication Date:  2002 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-07-22     Completed Date:  2002-08-14     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0413675     Medline TA:  J Infect Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  234-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Bureau of Epidemiology, Florida Department of Health, Miami, FL 33125, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
DNA, Bacterial / chemistry,  genetics
Disease Outbreaks*
Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field
Feces / microbiology
Florida / epidemiology
Frozen Foods / microbiology
Fruit / microbiology*
Middle Aged
Salmonella Food Poisoning / blood,  epidemiology*,  microbiology
Salmonella typhi / isolation & purification*
Typhoid Fever / blood,  epidemiology*,  microbiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/DNA, Bacterial

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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