Document Detail


An outbreak of infectious syphilis in Wellington, New Zealand.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17726494     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: To estimate the incidence of infectious syphilis in the Wellington region between 2004 and 2006, and to characterise those with infectious syphilis, in terms of demographic and risk factors, in order to inform control of the disease. METHODS: Based on information from regional laboratories, a questionnaire was sent to the requesting clinician for all individuals with positive syphilis serology between January 2004 and December 2005. The questionnaire was also used for cases of infectious syphilis seen at regional sexual health clinics in 2006. All information was recorded anonymously. RESULTS: 120 questionnaires were returned (67%), and 15 cases of infectious syphilis were identified (5 in 2004, 10 in 2005), including 3 cases not known to the sexual health clinics and hence not reported to the Institute of Environmental & Scientific Research (ESR). Another 15 cases of infectious syphilis were identified from sexual health clinic records in 2006 up to October. These 30 cases of infectious syphilis were predominantly men who have sex with men (MSM) (80%), and mainly born in New Zealand (83%). Few cases reported recent sex overseas, indicating local transmission, and anonymous partners were common. The annual incidence (per 100,000 population) of infectious syphilis is estimated at 1.3 in 2004, 2.6 in 2005, and 5.9 in 2006. CONCLUSION: Wellington is experiencing an outbreak of infectious syphilis, principally amongst MSM, but with crossover into the heterosexual community. Efforts are being made to control this outbreak through education of clinicians, partner notification, and offering screening and education in non-medical settings to at risk groups. We call on the Ministry of Health to enhance syphilis surveillance as a matter of urgency.
Authors:
Ruth Cunningham; Jane MacDonald; Margot McLean; Caroline Shaw
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2007-08-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  The New Zealand medical journal     Volume:  120     ISSN:  1175-8716     ISO Abbreviation:  N. Z. Med. J.     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-08-29     Completed Date:  2007-09-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401067     Medline TA:  N Z Med J     Country:  New Zealand    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  U2680     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Regional Public Health, Wellington.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Disease Outbreaks*
Female
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
New Zealand
Questionnaires
Risk Factors
Sexuality
Syphilis / diagnosis,  drug therapy,  epidemiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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