Document Detail


An outbreak of food poisoning due to a genogroup I norovirus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15724726     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Norovirus infection is associated with approximately 90% of epidemic non-bacterial acute gastroenteritis. The objective of this study is to describe an outbreak of norovirus genogroup I gastroenteritis which affected workers in a hospital and was attributed to food prepared by an infected food handler. Forty cases were detected, of whom 80% were interviewed. The index case was the cook employed in the hospital cafeteria. The following symptoms were observed: abdominal pain in 90.6%, vomiting in 71.9%, diarrhoea in 71.9%, general indisposition in 62.5%, headaches in 53.1% and fever in 32.4% of cases. The initial symptoms were abdominal pain in 37% and vomiting in 28%. Of the 14 samples analysed by RT-PCR, 12 (86%) were positive for a genogroup I norovirus. After sequencing the strain was identified as genotype Desert Shield. Many of the foodstuffs consumed were made by hand, favouring transmission from the index case to the cafeteria users.
Authors:
M R Sala; N Carde?osa; C Arias; T Llovet; A Recasens; A Dom?nguez; J Buesa; L Salleras
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Epidemiology and infection     Volume:  133     ISSN:  0950-2688     ISO Abbreviation:  Epidemiol. Infect.     Publication Date:  2005 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-02-23     Completed Date:  2005-03-17     Revised Date:  2010-05-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703737     Medline TA:  Epidemiol Infect     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  187-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Epidemiological Surveillance Unit of the Central Region, Terrassa, Spain
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Caliciviridae Infections / epidemiology*
Disease Outbreaks*
Female
Food Contamination
Food Handling
Foodborne Diseases / epidemiology*,  virology*
Gastroenteritis / epidemiology*,  virology*
Genotype
Humans
Male
Norovirus / genetics*
Spain / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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