Document Detail


An outbreak of erysipelas in 2-day-old poults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11007027     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Systemic erysipelas infection was seen in 2-to-4-day-old poults from three separate ranches owned by the same company. The affected poults were all from the same breeder source; poults from other breeder sources were seemingly unaffected. Mortality increased on days 2 and 3, ranging from 2% to 8.5%. Birds submitted were dehydrated and very weak, with one half of the poults submitted having died during transport to the lab. Gross lesions included swollen, congested livers and spleens, as well as hemorrhagic breast muscle in one case. Toes were swollen and reddish-purple in color. The poults had been toe-trimmed during hatchery processing using a commercial microwave. Histologically, periportal inflammation with heterophilic infiltration in the liver was noted. Spleens showed hyalinization of arteries, lymphoid depletion, and necrosis. Toe joints showed purulent synovitis and cellulitis. Gram stains done on impression smears of liver and spleen showed rare to moderate numbers of small gram-positive rods. Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae was isolated from 18 of 22 livers cultured, five of six toe joints cultured, and from the yolk sac in two birds.
Authors:
J L Hollifield; G L Cooper; B R Charlton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Avian diseases     Volume:  44     ISSN:  0005-2086     ISO Abbreviation:  Avian Dis.     Publication Date:    2000 Jul-Sep
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-01-17     Completed Date:  2001-01-17     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370617     Medline TA:  Avian Dis     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  721-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
California Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory System, University of California, Davis, Turlock 95381, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Disease Outbreaks / veterinary*
Erysipelas / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  veterinary*
Erysipelothrix / isolation & purification*
Joints / microbiology,  pathology
Liver / microbiology,  pathology
Poultry Diseases / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  pathology
Spleen / microbiology,  pathology
Turkeys

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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