Document Detail

An outbreak of cutaneous anthrax in a non-endemic district--Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16394383     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Anthrax is a disease of herbivorous animals, and humans incidentally acquire the disease by handling infected dead animals and their products. Sporadic cases of human anthrax have been reported from Southern India. METHODS: Five tribal men presented with painless ulcers with vesiculation and edema of the surrounding skin on the extremities without any constitutional symptoms. There was a history of slaughtering and consumption of a dead goat ten days prior to the development of skin lesions. Clinically cutaneous anthrax was suspected and smears, swabs and punch biopsies were taken for culture and identification by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). All the cases were treated with intravenous followed by oral antibiotics. Appropriate health authorities were alerted and proper control measures were employed. RESULTS: Smears from the cutaneous lesions of all five patients were positive for Bacillus anthracis and this was confirmed by a positive culture and PCR of the smears in four of the five cases. All the cases responded to antibiotics. CONCLUSION: We report five cases of cutaneous anthrax in a non-endemic district, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, for the first time.
G Raghu Rama Rao; Jyothi Padmaja; M K Lalitha; P V Krishna Rao; K V T Gopal; Hari Kishan Y Kumar; Promila Mohanraj
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of dermatology, venereology and leprology     Volume:  71     ISSN:  0378-6323     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol     Publication Date:    2005 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-01-05     Completed Date:  2006-03-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7701852     Medline TA:  Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  102-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Dermatology, Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam, India.
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MeSH Terms
Anthrax / diagnosis,  epidemiology*
Disease Outbreaks*
India / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Skin Diseases, Bacterial / diagnosis,  epidemiology*

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